Showing posts with label Harvard Medical School. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Harvard Medical School. Show all posts

Saturday, February 24, 2018

Before And After Effects Of KAATSU Among The Elderly

For who? Baby Boomers, retirees, elderly, medical researchers
For what? Strength, stamina, functional movement, mobility, flexibility, recovery



At the Harvard Medical School in Boston on November 5th 2014, cardiologist Toshiaki Nakajima, M.D., Ph.D., formerly of the University of Tokyo Hospital [shown on left with KAATSU inventor Professor Sir Dr. Yoshiaki Sato, M.D., Ph.D.), presented a study entitled Skeletal Muscle Hypertrophy inducted by KAATSU Rehabilitation and Prevention of Sarcopenia.

Sarcopenia is the loss of muscle mass and is a major problem among older individuals. Among both males and females, muscle strength decreases with age and muscle volume quickly decreases (0.45 kg per year) as individuals age past 50 years old. That is, fast twitch muscle fiber decreases on average to 50% by the age of 80 years.

To prevent it, physicians and physiologists understand that high-intensity resistance exercise (e.g., weight training or body weight exercises) is required. But this type of training is usually not possible - or desired - by the elderly.

But with KAATSU, individuals up to the age of 104 [see below and here] can perform low-load or no-load, non-impact exercise with KAATSU equipment following the KAATSU Cycle modality to induce muscle hypertrophy and strengthen muscle even with short-term, low-intensity exercise. With the KAATSU Air Bands or KAATSU Aqua Bands, the KAATSU no-load, non-impact exercise physiologically equals high-intensity, high-load training. In both cases (KAATSU and high-intensity, high-load training) the muscle and brain are stimulated to induce muscle hypertrophy and strength including fast twitch muscle fibers.

Dr. Nakajima tested 19 healthy elderly subjects with a mean age of 71 years [one 84-year-old subject is shown on left]. There were 10 individuals in the control group and 9 individuals in the experimental (KAATSU) group. The individuals did knee extensions and leg press exercises twice per week (Mondays and Thursdays) for 12 weeks. The SKU (Standard KAATSU Unit) pressure on the KAATSU leg bands ranged from 120-250 SKU.

Dr. Nakajima reported the significant increase in cross sectional area of thigh with MRI in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports (2014 Oct;24(5):799-806). He also explained how the increase in muscle strength and mass leads to improvement of life function tests like getting up and out of a chair or bed.

Similar results were realized in the arms (biceps and triceps) among the group of elderly patients [see before-and-after effects of a 71-year-old subject on left].

He explains the process leading up to muscle hypertrophy due to traditional resistance training. "Typically, an individual needs to perform at least 65% of 1RM to create mechanical stress, metabolic stress, Hormone (cathecholamine) secretion, Growth factor, Cytokin (IL-6), nerve factor, local circulation, hypoxia and cell swelling that leads to adaptation and an increase in protein synthesis and decrease in protein degradation.

In contrast, KAATSU leads to several mechanisms that cause KAATSU's hypertrophic effects: recruitment of fast twitch muscle fibers, increase in Growth Hormone and IGF-1 (Insulin Growth Factor), amino acid uptake, increase in protein synthesis and a decrease in myostatin.

He described the process. "Maintenance of skeletal muscle mass is dependent on the relationship of muscle protein balance - protein synthesis and breakdown. A negative protein balance induces muscle atrophy, whereas a positive balance induces muscle hypertrophy.

After muscle disuse, during long-term bed rest and simulated models of no-bearing activity, severe skeletal muscle atrophy develops due to altered protein metabolism leading to decreased muscle contractile protein content.

To prevent this, resistance exercise, an established and potent stimulus for enhancing muscle protein synthesis and subsequent muscle hypertrophy, is traditionally used.

Conversely, skeletal muscle is a plastic organ that adapts its mass to the different conditions by affecting pathways that regulate protein and cellular turnover. Repetitive KAATSU appears to be a novel stimulus for skeletal muscle to induce a net positive protein balance and prevent atrophy especially with patients with orthopedic diseases or injuries or those with disuse syndrome, sarcopenia and cachexia (weakness and wasting of the body due to severe chronic illness)
."

To view an example of the before-and-after effects of KAATSU on a 104-year-old female, visit here.

Copyright © 2014 - 2018 by KAATSU Global

Monday, November 2, 2015

2015 KAATSU International Symposium - Agenda and Speakers


































The first KAATSU International Symposium held outside of Japan will be conducted at the Joseph B Martin Conference Center at the Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massaschusetts on November 5th and 6th.

The agenda and speakers about KAATSU the original BFR are as follows:

KAATSU International Symposium - Day One, Thursday November 5th

9:00 am – Welcome by Peter T. Lansbury, Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School

9:15 am – Opening Speech by Professor Sir Yoshiaki Sato, Ph.D., M.D., FNAI, Inventor of KAATSU Training and Founder of KAATSU Japan Co., Ltd. and KAATSU International University of Sri Lanka
The History of and Inspiration behind KAATSU + Q&A

9:45 am – Keynote Speech by James Stray-Gundersen, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, KAATSU Global, and Sports Science Director, U.S. Ski & Snowboard Association
Vascular, Muscular and Autonomic Changes in Response to KAATSU + Q&A

10:30 am – Guest Lecture by Professor Toshiaki Nakajima, M.D., Heart Center, Dokkyo Medical University Hospital
KAATSU Medical Applications in Japan + Q&A

11:00 am – Presentation by Peter Lansbury, Ph.D., Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School
KAATSU Potential with Neurological Diseases + Q&A

11:30 am – Presentation via Skype by Robert Heiduk, Sports Scientist, Universit├Ąt Bonn
KAATSU in Germany + Q&A

1:00 pm – Presentation by John Murray, formerly of Stanford University and Golden State Warriors and Murray Athletic Development
Practical Applications of KAATSU in a Physical Therapy Clinic + Q&A

1:30 pm – Presentation by Dr. Michael Kessler, D.C., C.C.S.P.
Assessing the Use of KAATSU to Improve Vascular Health + Q&A

2:00 pm – Presentation by Chris Morgan, 2008 Olympic Swim Coach, formerly of Stanford & Harvard
KAATSU Aqua for Age-group, Collegiate, Elite and Senior Swimmers + Q&A

2:30 pm – Presentation by Paul Grzymkowski, former president of Gold’s Gym International
Applications of KAATSU in Fitness Chains + Q&A

3:00 pm – KAATSU Specialist Training by Professor Sir Yoshiaki Sato, Ph.D., M.D., FNAI and James Stray-Gundersen, M.D. with Susan Friedman
Key Points of KAATSU Training & Practical Applications of KAATSU in Medicine, Physical Therapy, Anti-Aging Wellness, and Sports Performance + Q&A

KAATSU International Symposium – Day Two, Friday November 6th

9:00 am – Welcome by Peter T. Lansbury, Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School

9:15 am – KAATSU In Sports – Panel Discussion
Moderator: Steven Munatones, President, KAATSU Global
Panelist: Professor Sir Yoshiaki Sato, Ph.D., M.D., FNAI
Panelist: James Stray-Gundersen, M.D.
Panelist: Chris Morgan

10:00 am – KAATSU In Medicine – Panel Discussion
Moderator: Steven Munatones, President, KAATSU Global
Panelist: James Stray-Gundersen, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, KAATSU Global
Panelist: Professor Sir Yoshiaki Sato, Ph.D., M.D., FNAI
Panelist: Professor Toshiaki Nakajima, M.D.

10:45 am – KAATSU In Therapy – Panel Discussion

Moderator: James Stray-Gundersen, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, KAATSU Global
Panelist: Professor Sir Yoshiaki Sato, Ph.D., M.D., FNAI
Panelist: John Murray
Panelist: Dr. David Swensen, D.C., Chiropractic Physician, Melrose Family Chiropractic & Sports Injury Centre

11:30 am – KAATSU Specialist Training by Professor Sir Yoshiaki Sato, Ph.D., M.D., FNAI and James Stray-Gundersen, M.D. with Susan Friedman
Key Points of KAATSU Training & Practical Applications of KAATSU in Medicine, Physical Therapy, Anti-Aging Wellness, and Sports Performance + Q&A

1:30 pm – Presentation by Tom Lawrence, Esq.
KAATSU in High School Sports + Q&A

2:00 pm – Presentation by James Stray-Gundersen, M.D.
KAATSU with Baby Boomers + Q&A

2:30 pm – Presentation by Lyle Nalli, DPM, Davita HealthCare Partners
KAATSU Applications in Podiatry + Q&A

3:00 pm – Product Explanations by Richard Herstone, Chief Operations Officer
KAATSU Master, KAATSU Nano, KAATSU Cycle, KAATSU Air Bands, KAATSU Aqua Bands + Q&A

Copyright © 2014 - 2015 by KAATSU Global